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期刊论文- Geometry constrained crowd formation...
发布时间:2016/3/22  访问人数:1851次

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Liping Zheng, Jianming Zhao, Yajun Cheng, Haibo Chen, Xiaoping Liu, Wenping Wang, Geometry-constrained crowd formation animation, Computers & Graphics, Volume 38, February 2014, Pages 268–276.


Abstract

Formation control technology can exhibit the collective flock behaviors of a crowd for simulation and animation purpose, and thus, can be applied in various fields. In this paper, an innovative geometry-constrained framework for smooth formation animation of regulated crowds is proposed. We employ the morphing method to generate a series of in-between constrained shapes as key frames to impose process control and ensure smoothness of formation transformations. We also introduce centroidal Voronoi tessellation (CVT) to calculate optimal distribution of agents, and present an improved Lloyd descent method to perform path planning by utilizing its fixed point iteration feature. As extensions, the proposed framework can handle environmental obstacles avoiding problems for the whole crowd to preserve certain formation extremely by utilizing a domain modification method, and can also be adapted to 3D spaces and density-based domains. Experimental results show that the proposed method can generate stable, smooth, orderly, regular and elegant crowd formation animations.


Highlights
•We adopt geometric constraint idea for smooth formation animation of regulated crowds.
•We implement the geometry-constrained framework through morphing, centroidal Voronoi tessellation and Lloyd descent method.
•The framework can generate stable, smooth, orderly, regular and elegant crowd formation animation results.
•It can be applied to many domains such as game, regulated crowd simulation, movie animation and massive sports design.

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